On Tuesday, Parliament amended our banking rules to keep co-operative banks under the supervision of the Reserve Bank of India (RBI). The big picture scenario about the role of banks in financial intermediation, however, indicates the need for far more reforms in this area. Now is the time for action. If India takes the threat of a sovereign default to push our economy back from the edge in the early 90s, it is the risk of a bank solvency crisis, calling for a shake of sectors in favor of the market trend today. The public spending of state-dominated banking has already become unbearable, and since there is a post-pandemic spike in bad loans on the cards, we cannot reinvest lenders who misuse lenders to misuse prices and retain the funds they have kept. Disposal by depositors. Most of our banks need to change how they work. The two central bankers have a bird’s eye on how this can be done — or perhaps an owl’s eye — to see all Indian banks. Indian Banks: A Time to Reform? In a research paper co-authored by former RBI Deputy Governor Viral Acharya and former Governor Raghuram Rajan, he proposed reform measures to prevent diseases in the sector from being treated as a “heavy tax”. Growth “. For the progress of India, these deserve high-level attention.
Their proposals include setting up private and national “bad banks” to get relief from regular lenders. As Acharya and Rajan have pointed out, private operators can obtain such assets for recovery where state involvement is not required and can take bad loans in ill health sectors (say, energy) until national bad bank demand picks up. Cleaning up bank balance sheets frees up capital for productive credit allocation. Attempts like this have been flat in the past, so doubts can cast a shadow over such quality. The other two main ideas on debt quality should be adopted without hesitation, whether it is to improve creditors’ risk-management systems, create out-of-court mechanisms to settle debts, or create private expertise. Stressful businesses and their lenders can reach resolution plans that can work through negotiations and assist such efforts through an online platform set up for the sale of affected assets. If these fail, the court can enter into bankruptcy judgments.
Once the defaults are resolved, the challenge is for our banks to be crisis-proof so that they are not at risk again. The key to this is the ability to raise and allocate money, which must be done in a way that increases value to borrowers and lenders alike (including depositors). It is based on risk-informed credit judgments. Therefore, work should begin immediately. Acharya and Rajan proposed to give more autonomy over decisions to state-owned banks. Furthermore, although some have been completely privatized, they want to gradually withdraw from the sector as government ownership is reduced to a minority. State-directed lending may have played a role in India’s development, but central control is clearly under pressure from government-banks, resulting in a loss of money. Private shareholders should have profit-centric loans on incentive distribution that the police can do. Corporate homes, along with other businesses, need to stay away from this sector. Widely owned banks are flexible. So the privatization program can be calibrated to suit the appetite of the wider investors. The end of state domination may be what our economy needs.