India will not ignore the promise of big blockchain innovations

With India’s troubled blackchain industry finally gaining some solid support to ensure its survival, the influential industry evangelist is focusing on one billion smartphones as gateways to the bold new world of decentralized finance. In this world, Balaji Srinivasan, an angel investor who once served as chief technology officer at Coinbase Global, said Wall Street’s capabilities are accessible to all, the largest U.S. cryptocurrency to go public. “We can turn every phone into a Bloomberg terminal, not just a bank account,” he wrote on his blog.

Mobile banking has emerged as a way to end financial exclusion, a long-standing problem in all emerging markets. In India, about $ 60 billion is paid every month through wireless devices, more than three-quarters of ATM withdrawals. A year ago cash was up 37%. At this digital acceptance rate, even the lead in the checks will soon disappear. The Indian bureaucracy, however, seems to be opposed to new ideas. Bitcoin and other cryptocurrencies are misunderstood as a means of money laundering that do not provide real benefits. The country’s new blockchain industry, which survived the attempt on his life in 2018, is growing in fear. A new law may ban all token money — unless it is owned by the central bank.

Srinivasan’s advocacy came at a crucial time. A digital wallet that can handle both electronic cash and cryptocurrencies issued by the central bank ends up “giving every Indian the ability to make domestic and international transactions with arbitrary complexity, attracting crypto capital around the world and completely disrupting the economy of the 20th century,” he said in his blog post.

Srinivasan is a recognized name in the fast growing field of smart contracts. When running an Ethereum blockchain, these lines of cryptographic code can be substituted for paper contracts, accounts to whom and to whom claims are executed by the courts. These are the early days, but if they live up to their hype, smart contracts will boost traditional finance. Srinivasan proposes to reach this new-age potential for 1 billion Indian Internet users by 2023. What’s more, the think tank IcePirt, which makes up the bulk of India’s digital identity and payments architecture, is the weight behind his idea, helping to fill the $ 250 billion financing gap for small and medium enterprises. “Meritorious businesses that do not have national profiles cannot access the capital they need,” think tank researchers wrote in a companion document to Srinivasan’s article.

The message is clear. The tech industry is picking cuddles on behalf of blockchain founders. Infosys co-founder and Aadhaar architect Nandan Nilekani expanded the iSPIRT case with a tweet: “How can India become a $ 5T economy? We need to close the B250B financing gap for small businesses in India by attracting global, risk-tolerant capital pools i and according to iSPIRT details the fast growing crypto economy could be one of the key avenues: “

Arguments should give Indian policy makers a break before imposing any sort of impossible ban on cryptos. Millennials have already received tokens. There is no doubt that the bureaucracy is pushing back. The Reserve Bank, which sought in 2018 to reduce the digital-asset industry’s ties to local bank accounts, could see Srinivasan’s proposals for democratic access to international finance as an end to its capital controls. Monetary policy should then continue to try to fully maintain the exchange rate.

Perhaps the authorities will propose a compromise: experiment in infant stages. It would still be fair to assume that the modest $ 50 billion decentralized finance industry needs time to mature. As Greencil Capital has shown failure, even good innovations end badly.

At a minimum, decentralized finance offers a third option. While traditional banks are slow and expensive, the finances of large e-commerce companies can be very dominant. “Big Tex can use their platforms to generate large amounts of customer data, train their artificial intelligence algorithms and more effectively identify high-quality loans than competitors who do not have the same information,” said Barry Eichengreen, an economist at the University of California, Berkeley.

China continues on its tech titans and may launch its official digital currency e-CNY next year. Meanwhile, India is still debating whether blockchain technology can be used in projects such as the land registry, banning the circulation of tokens as cash. With proponents like Srinivasan and Nilekani, the conversation becomes more real.

Andy Mukherjee Bloomberg Opinion Columnist Covering Industrial Companies and Financial Services

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